What is Diabetes & Do You Have it?

Diabetes is a condition of elevated blood sugar. When the body does not produce or cannot function properly with the insulin it produces, it has damaging effects on metabolism. If insulin is not readily available to remove glucose from the blood into cells, it results to high blood glucose which is toxic. If the basic fuel of the cells, glucose, is not available, the condition leads to this disease.

High Blood Pressure

This is high blood pressure.

Type 1 and type 2 are the two kinds of diabetes mellitus. Ninety percent of people with diabetes have type 2 this disease. Many people don’t receive the proper treatment because they are unaware of the disease, as it is often undetected without a test or accompanying symptoms. Type 1 this disease is often called juvenile diabetes as it occurs in people at the age of thirty or even lower. Insulin treatment on a daily basis is needed for a person with type 1. Type 2 occurs in people over forty. They are usually overweight and have a family history of the disease. Lifestyle changes and medications are preferred for the treatment of people with type 2 diabetes. Higher risk of type 2 appears to people of Hispanic, South Asian or African descent.

Diabetes causes damage related to digestion. People with this disease suffered gastroparesis when the vagus nerve is damaged due to foods that stay in the stomach for longer period. The symptoms include bloating, abdominal pain, weight loss, and vomiting. Consult with your physician as there is medication that worsens digestion.

Body Bloodpressure

Your Body and High Blood Pressure.

Eighty percent of people with this disease die of heart attack. Old people with this sickness develop high blood pressure making them at high risk of developing heart disease. Diabetics who smoke can suffer heart attack because smoking limits the levels of oxygen in the blood. Quitting is the best for easier the disease management and for general health.

Aside from lifestyle and dietary changes that diabetics requires, diabetics also need to keep track of keep relevant information with regards to this disease. One can use a diabetes log book which is a personal calendar that keeps track of blood sugar levels together with scheduled time for the medication.

Why You Should Take Caution Against Diabetes

If you or a loved one is struggling with diabetes, then you know how hard it can be to keep up with the condition. Diabetes mellitus, refers to a group of metabolic disorders associated with high blood glucose, either because your body does not produce enough insulin, or your body’s cells are resistant to the available insulin, or both.

Symptoms
While the symptoms of type I are rather obvious, it can be hard to detect them in type 2 as they are very mild. Common symptoms include:
*Numbness, pain, or tingling in the feet/hands (type II)*Weight loss (especially type I)*Cuts and bruises that takes too long to heal *Blurry vision *Extreme fatigue *Feeling very hungry (unrealistically) – polyphagia *Feeling very thirsty (polydipsia)*Urinating often (polyuria)

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes

How about pre-diabetes?
Most cases of type II usually start with pre-diabetes, where your blood sugar levels are relatively high, but not enough to cause diabetes. At this stage, your cells are basically developing resistance against insulin. It is important to adjust your lifestyle if diagnosed with pre-diabetes, because it may actually jeopardize your heart and circulatory system.

Diagnosis
There are three ways to determine if you have the condition, or pre-diabetes

Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)
*Below 140 mg/dl – NORMAL *140 to 199.9 mg/dl – PRE-DIABETES

*200mg/dl and above – POSITIVE

Fasting plasma glucose test (FPG)

*Below 100mg/dl – NORMAL *100 to 125.99mg/dl – PRE-DIABETES

*126mg/dl – POSITIVE

A1C Test

*Below 5.7% – NORMAL *5.7% to 5.99% – PRE-DIABETES

*6.5% and above – POSITIVE

Pre-Diabetes Numbers

Pre-Diabetes Numbers

How to Cope
*Manage your stress levels: try listening to music, meditating, taking a walk, gardening, or deep breathing. *Eat well:-Go for foods that are low in salt, sugar, trans-fat, saturated fat, and calories.-Choose foods rich in fiber, e.g. cheese, skim or low-fat milk, bread & cereals, whole grains, fruits, and vegetables. -Drink water as opposed to regular soda and juice *Be active -Commit to being more active during the week. You can start by taking small, ten minute walks, three times per day.-Try to boost your muscle strength through push-ups, heavy gardening, yoga, or stretch bands. -Maintain a healthy weight by adhering to a regular meal plan and staying active