Diabetes is a condition of elevated blood sugar. When the body does not produce or cannot function properly with the insulin it produces, it has damaging effects on metabolism. If insulin is not readily available to remove glucose from the blood into cells, it results to high blood glucose which is toxic. If the basic fuel of the cells, glucose, is not available, the condition leads to this disease.
Type 1 and type 2 are the two kinds of diabetes mellitus. Ninety percent of people with diabetes have type 2 this disease. Many people don’t receive the proper treatment because they are unaware of the disease, as it is often undetected without a test or accompanying symptoms. Type 1 this disease is often called juvenile diabetes as it occurs in people at the age of thirty or even lower. Insulin treatment on a daily basis is needed for a person with type 1. Type 2 occurs in people over forty. They are usually overweight and have a family history of the disease. Lifestyle changes and medications are preferred for the treatment of people with type 2 diabetes. Higher risk of type 2 appears to people of Hispanic, South Asian or African descent.
Diabetes causes damage related to digestion. People with this disease suffered gastroparesis when the vagus nerve is damaged due to foods that stay in the stomach for longer period. The symptoms include bloating, abdominal pain, weight loss, and vomiting. Consult with your physician as there is medication that worsens digestion.
Eighty percent of people with this disease die of heart attack. Old people with this sickness develop high blood pressure making them at high risk of developing heart disease. Diabetics who smoke can suffer heart attack because smoking limits the levels of oxygen in the blood. Quitting is the best for easier the disease management and for general health.
Aside from lifestyle and dietary changes that diabetics requires, diabetics also need to keep track of keep relevant information with regards to this disease. One can use a diabetes log book which is a personal calendar that keeps track of blood sugar levels together with scheduled time for the medication.